Haltwhistle is a small Market Town
21 miles east of Carlisle, 37 miles west of
Newcastle, 3 miles south of
Hadrian's Wall, just off the A69
Attractions in the area include the
historic Market Square, Hadrian's Wall,
and Lanercost Priory 11
Area Attractions Click on
The image top is of the Railway Hotel at
the West Entrance to Haltwhistle, with the
Railway Station close by.
The second image is of the Memorial Garden
between the Railway Hotel and Haltwhistle
centre on the Main Street named Westgate.
Westgate / Main Street is where most of
the Shops and Cafes are situated.
The Market Square is on Westgate, centre
of Haltwhistle with a large stone with a
plaque showing the main attractions in the
town such as the 1200s Church by the Market
Place, and Bastles (Defensive Houses) in the
The location of Haltwhistle saw Scottish
and English Armies passing through during the
Scottish Wars of Independence from the late
1200s to mid 1300s.
The Border Raiders / Reivers, Scottish and
English, raided Farms and Towns along the
Borders from the 1200s to the 1600s. From the
early 1700s, the area became a safer
The Market Square used to hold the Town
Gallows. There is another Plaque here stating
there was a young Local Girl hung at this
location for marrying a Scotsman in 1597, the
Scotsman was also hung.
The Centre of Britain
Hotel is next to the Market Square.
The Manor House
Inn is also next to the Market
The Brew Bar/Cafe and Sandwich Shop are
also at the Market Square.
400s - the Roman's left England leading to
much of Hadrian's Wall along the Border with
Scotland used for buildings in Towns and
Farms. The sections of Hadrian's Wall in this
area are the best preserved, as they run over
Hills where it was not so easy to take the
The earliest recorded history of
Haltwhistle is of Paulinus (Roman missionary
and the first Bishop of York) who tried to to
convert the inhabitants of Haltwhistle and
surrounding area to Christianity between 625
1100s - the earliest parts of the Church
of the Holy Cross are built in the Town
centre. The Church holds the Tomb of the
Crusader Thomas de Blenkinsopp, who died in
1200s - Haltwhistle and surrounding areas
are regularly attacked by Border Reivers or
Raiders. These Raiders were Scottish and
English, raiding Farms and Towns over the
following 4 hundred years.
Many Houses built in Haltwhistle up to the
1700s have fortifications.
1207- Haltwhistle is granted the right to
hold weekly markets by King John. The Market
Place becomes the centre of Town, used for
Bull Bating, also with Gallows for Public
1306 - King Edward I, stayed in the Town
while leading his Army into Scotland to try
and defeat Robert the Bruce, who had just
claimed himself King of Scotland during the
Scottish Wars of Independence.
1597 - a young local Woman and her
Scottish husband are Hung at the Market
Square, as Marriage between English and Scots
was seen as unacceptable at the time.
1598 - Haltwhistle is raided by the
Scottish Border Reivers - the Armstrong's of
Liddesdale, in daylight, burning houses,
killing many residents, and making off with
1603 - King James VI of Scotland is
crowned King of England, becoming King James
I of England, the start of the Stuart dynasty
that ruled England and Scotland until
King James I put an end to the Border
Reivers, making the area a safer place.
1707 - Queen Anne manages to pass the Acts
of Union, that sees England and Scotland
united as a single sovereign state known as
The Acts of Union see Scotland and England
become safer places, leading to more travel
between the two countries, with greater
wealth for the border towns.
1838 - the Newcastle to Carlisle railway
1861 - the Town Hall was built, now used
by the County Police.
1944 - a large Military Base is opened at
Castle by Haltwhistle for American Troops
during World War Two 1939 - 1945. These
Troops were amassing in England for the
invasion of France in June 1944.
1945 - 1948 - the Military Base at
Haltwhistle is used as a German and Italian
Prisoner of War Camp, holding around 7,000
officers and men.
Today - Haltwhistle is a quiet scenic Town
popular for tourists visiting Hadrian's Wall,
or stopping off for a break while traveling
between Carlisle and Newcastle.