The earliest recorded history of
Haltwhistle is of Paulinus (Roman
missionary and the first Bishop of York)
who tried to to convert the inhabitants of
Haltwhistle and surrounding area to
Christianity between 625 and 632.
1100s, the earliest parts of the Church
of the Holy Cross are built in the town
centre. The church holds the tomb of the
crusader Thomas de Blenkinsopp, who died in
1200s, Haltwhistle and surrounding areas
are regularly attacked by Border Reivers or
Raiders. These raiders were Scottish and
English, raiding farms and towns over the
following 4 hundred years.
Many houses built in Haltwhistle up to
the 1700s have fortifiactions.
1207, Haltwhistle is granted the right
to hold weekly markets by King John. The
market place becomes the centre of town, is
used for bull bating, and holds gallows for
1306, King Edward I, stayed in the town
while leading his army into Scotland to try
and defeat Robert the Bruce, who had just
claimed himself King of Scotland during the
Scottish Wars of Independance.
1597, a young local woman and her
Scottish husband are hung at the Market
Square, as marriage between English and
Scots was seen as unaceptable at the
1598, Haltwhistle is raided by the
Scottish Border Reivers - the Armstrongs of
Liddesdale, in daylight, burning houses,
killing many residents, and making off with
1603, King James VI of Scotland is
crowned King of England, becoming King
James I of England, the start of the Stuart
dynasty that ruled England until 1714.
King James I put an end to the Border
Reivers, making the area a safer place.
1707, Queen Anne manages to pass the
Acts of Union, that sees England and
Scotland united as a single sovereign state
known as Great Britain.
The Acts of Union see Scotland and
England become safer places, leading to
more travel between the two countries, with
greater wealth for the border towns.
1838, the Newcastle to Carlisle railway
1861, the Town Hall was built, now used
by the County Police.
1944, a large military base is opened at
Castle by Haltwhistle for American
troops during World Warr Two 1939 - 1945.
These troops were amassing in England for
the invasion of France in June 1944.
1945 - 1948, the military base at
Haltwhistle is used as a German and Italian
Prisoner of War Camp, holding around 7000
oficers and men.
Today, Haltwhistle is a quiet scenic
town popular for tourists visiting
Hadrian's Wall, or stopping off for a break
while traveling between Carlisle and