Bamburgh Castle is in the Village of
Bamburgh on the northeast
coast of England, 19 miles south of
Berwick Upon Tweed, 50 miles
north of Newcastle.
Bamburgh Castle was built from the
1000s for English Kings to control the
area and help prevent invasions from
Scots and Vikings.
Area Attractions Click on
The image top is from the main road
running down into Bamburgh centre with the
Castle sitting high above the Village.
The second image is from the vast Park
below the Castle, and third from the large
Free Car Park below the Castle.
The smaller Car Park up at the Castle has
a small Parking Fee.
You pay at the Entrance to the Castle then
walk along the Ramparts towards the Main
The Ramparts give great views over the
Beach and Sea. There is a Car Park for the
Beach on the north side of the Castle.
The Main Buildings have many Rooms you can
wander around at your leisure, Photos
The Great Hall is the top Room in the
The Chapel of St Peter is at the entrance
to the Main Buildings, built around the
1000s, on the site of an earlier Church.
The earlier Church is where parts of King
Oswald were buried. Oswald was King of
Northumbria in the 600s, killed in battle by
the forces of Penda, king of the Midlands, in
642, with his body cut to pieces.
The Armstrong Museum is at the north end
of the Castle, giving information on the
Armstrong family of Armstrong-Whitworth, a northeast
Heavy Engineering family that also built
Military hardware. With their great wealth,
they bought Bamburgh Castle in 1894.
Also at the north end of the Castle is a
Bamburgh Castle History
400s - the Romans departed Britain,
abandoning Hadrian's Wall that runs from
Carlisle to Newcastle, with Scots Tribes in
control of the area of present day
Northumbria, north of Hadrian's Wall.
400s - the site of present day Bamburgh
Castle was used for a Celtic wooden Fort
named Din Guarie, part of the Kingdom of
590 - Anglo-Saxons / mix of Germanic
people and English, took control of the Fort
and much of the Area. The two main
Territories in the area were Beira and
600s - the Kingdom of Northumbria was
founded after Deira and Bernicia merged.
993 - the Fort was destroyed by
1066 - the Normans, mix of Vikings and
French from northern France, took control of
England, leading to them building Stone
Castles around the Country, with Bamburgh
being one of these Castles. This was the
start of Modern England, ruled by one
Most of these Castles were ran for the
King by powerful Families in the area. Robert
de Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria, was in
control of Bamburgh Castle.
Scots Kingdoms had been merging under one
King around this time as well, with Scots
Kings claiming Northumbria was part of
These north England Castles were used to
prevent the Scots from taking control of
1237 - the Treaty of
York defined the Border between Scotland
and England to roughly what is seen today,
ending the Scots claim that Northumbria
should be part of Scotland.
1455 - the Wars of the
Roses began with Bamburgh the first
Castle in England taken with Artillery after
a nine month siege. This was a time two
Families were fighting to become the next
King of England. The battles began after King
Henry VI had been declared unfit to rule, due
to his mental state.
The Kings relations from the House of
Lancaster and House of York, both claimed to
be next in line to the Throne. After years of
Wars, Edward of the House of York became King
Edward IV in 1461. The York's were overthrown
by the Tudors in 1485, with marriage between
the York's and Tudors then used to prevent
1500s - the Forster family from
Northumbria were appointed Governors of
1700s - Sir William Forster was declared
bankrupt after his death, leading to the
Castle passing to Lord Crewe, Bishop of
Durham, who began restoring the Castle.
1894 - William George
Armstrong bought Bamburgh Castle. He was
a wealthy Industrialist from Newcastle who
founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing
The Armstrong Family completed the
restoration of the Castle, with them still
the owners today.
1950s - Bamburgh Castle was opened to