Bamburgh Castle is in the Village of
Bamburgh on the northeast coast
of England, 19 miles south of Berwick
Upon Tweed, 50 miles north of Newcastle.
Bamburgh Castle was built from the
1000s for English Kings to control the
area and help prevent invasions from
Scots and Vikings.
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The image top is from the main road running
down into Bamburgh centre with the Castle
sitting high above the Village.
The second image is from the vast Park below
the Castle, and third from the large Free Car
Park below the Castle.
The smaller Car Park up at the Castle has a
small Parking Fee.
You pay at the Entrance to the Castle then
walk along the Ramparts towards the Main
The Ramparts give great views over the Beach
and Sea. There is a Car Park for the Beach on
the north side of the Castle.
The Main Buildings have many Rooms you can
wander around at your leisure, Photos
The Great Hall is the top Room in the
The Chapel of St Peter is at the entrance to
the Main Buildings, built around the 1000s, on
the site of an earlier Church.
The earlier Church is where parts of King
Oswald were buried. Oswald was King of
Northumbria in the 600s, killed in battle by
the forces of Penda, king of the Midlands, in
642, with his body cut to pieces.
The Armstrong Museum is at the north end of
the Castle, giving information on the Armstrong
family of Armstrong-Whitworth, a northeast
Heavy Engineering family that also built
Military hardware. With their great wealth,
they bought Bamburgh Castle in 1894.
Also at the north end of the Castle is a
Bamburgh Castle History
400s - the Romans departed Britain,
abandoning Hadrian's Wall that runs from
Carlisle to Newcastle, with Scots Tribes in
control of the area of present day Northumbria,
north of Hadrian's Wall.
400s - the site of present day Bamburgh
Castle was used for a Celtic wooden Fort named
Din Guarie, part of the Kingdom of
590 - Anglo-Saxons / mix of Germanic people
and English, took control of the Fort and much
of the Area. The two main Territories in the
area were Beira and Bernicia.
600s - the Kingdom of Northumbria was
founded after Deira and Bernicia merged.
993 - the Fort was destroyed by Vikings.
1066 - the Normans, mix of Vikings and
French from northern France, took control of
England, leading to them building Stone Castles
around the Country, with Bamburgh being one of
these Castles. This was the start of Modern
England, ruled by one Monarch.
Most of these Castles were ran for the King
by powerful Families in the area. Robert de
Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria, was in control of
Scots Kingdoms had been merging under one
King around this time as well, with Scots Kings
claiming Northumbria was part of Scotland.
These north England Castles were used to
prevent the Scots from taking control of
1237 - the Treaty of York
defined the Border between Scotland and England
to roughly what is seen today, ending the Scots
claim that Northumbria should be part of
1455 - the Wars of the
Roses began with Bamburgh the first Castle
in England taken with Artillery after a nine
month siege. This was a time two Families were
fighting to become the next King of England.
The battles began after King Henry VI had been
declared unfit to rule, due to his mental
The Kings relations from the House of
Lancaster and House of York, both claimed to be
next in line to the Throne. After years of
Wars, Edward of the House of York became King
Edward IV in 1461. The York's were overthrown
by the Tudors in 1485, with marriage between
the York's and Tudors then used to prevent
1500s - the Forster family from Northumbria
were appointed Governors of Bamburgh
1700s - Sir William Forster was declared
bankrupt after his death, leading to the Castle
passing to Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham, who
began restoring the Castle.
1894 - William George
Armstrong bought Bamburgh Castle. He was a
wealthy Industrialist from Newcastle who
founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing
The Armstrong Family completed the
restoration of the Castle, with them still the
1950s - Bamburgh Castle was opened to