England Attractions, Photos and
Whitby is situated in North Yorkshire
at the mouth of the River Esk in England.
Today, the Town is a major tourist
attraction with the Captain Cook
Memorial Museum, many Boat Trips
including a scaled down version of the
Endeavour, Whitby Jet Jewelry, Sea
Fishing, Amusements, many Kids Play
areas, Restaurants, Bar/Diners and a good
selection of Fish and Chip Shops.
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Images of Whitby
Slide of Whitby
. Yorkshire Section
The first recorded settlement here was
named Streonshal in 656. The Christian
King of Northumbria ( Oswy) founded
Whitby Abbey at that time. That Monastery
was destroyed by Viking raiders in 867,
with rebuilding begining in 1078. The
Town was named Whitby around that time,
meaning White Settlement in Old
Whitby had between 20 and 30 houses in
1540. By the early 1600s, the Town had
grown substantialy with the trade in
chemical compound used in industry,
medicine and cosmetics.
The Town expanded more in the 1700s
with Shipbuilding and Whaling, as well as
mining Jet, a
black rock found in the areas Cliffs that
is made into Jewelry.
Tomas Fishburn built in a coal
carrying Ship at Whitby in 1764, named
Earl of Pembroke. The Royal Navy bought
that ship in 1768 to be converted to
serve as their exploration ship named HMS
Endeavour. Captain James
Cook comanded the ship on voyages to
Australia and New Zealand.
Cook had moved to Whitby in 1747 to
work on Ships transporting Coal along the
English coast. He joined the Royal Navy
in 1755, and made three Round the World
Voyages, the first in 1766.
Cook was killed on his third voyage on
the Island of Hawaii, after a skirmish
with the Islanders.
More in-depth history can be found at: