Flodden Battlefield is situated 53
miles south of Edinburgh, 57 miles north of
Newcastle, by the Border with
Scotland and England.
The Car Park for Flodden Battlefield
is next to the small Village of Branxton.
Postcode: TD12 4SN.
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See also a large Click On Map for Towns and Top
Attractions in the area.
The image top is of the large Car Park for
There are notice boards at the Car Park, and
on the Path up to the Monument, giving
information and images of the Battle.
The Battle took place on the 9th September
1513 between the armies of King James IV of
Scotland and King Henry VIII of England.
The Earl of Surrey
led the English forces, with King James himself
leading the Scots.
This was said to be the largest Battle ever
between Scotland and England with about 20,000
to 30,000 men on each side.
The English won the Battle with about 1,500
English killed in battle. Claims are between
5,000 and 17,000 Scots were killed in battle,
including King James himself.
1295 - Scotland and France signed a treaty
known as the Old Alliance, where Scotland and
France would join forces any time they were
attacked by England.
1503 - King James IV
married Margaret Tudor,
sister of King Henry
VIII. This was to help keep peace between
England and Scotland.
1513 - King Henry VIII led an invasion force
into France to gain territory for England.
France then called on James IV to attack
England from the north, so as to divert a large
number of English troops away from the battles
1513 - the vast Scottish and English armies
met at Flodden Field.
Both sides had about 30 Cannon at the
Battle, but it is claimed the English Longbows
caused more deaths than Cannon.
Close combat by the Scots was mainly with
Pikes - poles
from 10 to 25 feet in length with an iron
spearhead, Swords, Battle Axes, and Bows.
The English used their Longbows with a range
up to 600 yards. Close in battles the English
used Bills - 7 foot
long poles with a hooked blade, Spears, Swords,
and Battle Axes.
The death of James IV led to his 17 month
old son becoming King James V of
Battles between England and Scotland
continued until the Union of the
Crowns in 1603, when James VI of Scotland
gained the throne of England as well.